Detroit's Whole-Neighborhood Approach
After years of restorative work in schools and other organizations, including police, human services, court systems, corrections and neighborhood associations, the IIRP is embarking on a project to support an aligned restorative approach across these sectors. The goal is to have a positive impact on children and families throughout the city of Detroit.
The IIRP is partnering with the Skillman Foundation, which is underwriting a multiyear grant to support the project, as well as Black Family Development, Inc. (BFDI), the Campaign for Black Male Achievement and the University of Michigan, Dearborn. Additional partners include Designing Justice + Designing Spaces, Justice Mapping Center and Safegrowth.
Making kids safe in their communities and successful in school
The first phase of the project focuses on the Ninth Police Precinct on the east side of Detroit. Beginning in January 2017, IIRP's SaferSanerSchools Whole-School Change program is being implemented in two high schools and one middle school.
Simultaneously, a leadership team of about 35 stakeholders are meeting on a quarterly basis to coordinate efforts. The focus of this team is four-fold:
- Support the personal development of each leader’s restorative practice
- Support fidelity of restorative practices implementation within systems
- Organize restorative practices alignment across systems
- Plan to scale the effort across the city in succeeding phases
Individuals becoming active stewards of their community
Through a “whole-neighborhood” approach, individuals are becoming active stewards of their community, embedding restorative practices in neighborhoods, schools and systems.
"Previously, the major focus was around restorative work in schools," explains IIRP Michigan representative and lifelong Detroit resident Henry McClendon, Jr. "What’s exciting and different is that this project is bringing alignment between systems and neighborhoods that impact children and families."
On a block in Detroit, Michigan, residents had been warring for six years. Children on their way to school were afraid of being caught in the crossfire. A woman was firebombed out of her house. Repeated police attempts to stop the conflict failed.
So Ninth Precinct Police Commander Charles Mahone decided to exercise his training in restorative practices, bringing together families and local police for a circle. The three-hour meeting began with people hurling insults. That changed when people were asked to answer the question, “What has been the hardest thing for you?”
Suddenly, as each person shared – residents, neighborhood leaders and police officers – the yelling stopped and for the first time people listened to each other. It turned out that the conflict had started six years earlier with a fight between two children. In the aftermath, things spiraled out of control into multiple disputes as well as criminal violations.
This first meeting did not resolve every issue, however it created the space and provided a process to allow residents to rebuild their community. This was evident in the terms participants used to describe their change of feelings as a result of the meeting. In place of frustration about the conflict, they felt remorse. In place of hopelessness, they began to feel hopeful.
“We’re creating an environment where this becomes the norm for how people choose to handle conflicts,” concludes McClendon.