Restoring Community

Randomized controlled studies

Study of the IIRP SaferSanerSchools™ program in 22 Pittsburgh Public Schools by the RAND Corporation with funding from the U.S. Department of Justice Comprehensive School Safety Initiative:

Other randomized controlled studies of SaferSanerSchools™:

The Lancet (UK)

Other key research and reviews

Research conducted by Anne Gregory, Ph.D., et al. (Rutgers University)

WestEd Justice & Prevention Research Center

Improving school climate: Promising outcomes across the country (The IIRP Graduate School)

Qualitative research

Evaluation of a restorative milieu (Paul McCold, Ph.D., the IIRP Graduate School)



Teachers unions

National institutions and organizations

Regional reports

Other academic reports

Quick guide on making school climate improvements (U.S. Department of Education)

Fostering healthy relationships and promoting positive discipline in schools (Schott Foundation's National Opportunity to Learn Campaign)

School climate planning and restorative practices implementation guide (San Francisco Unified School District)

  • After the school district implemented the SaferSanerSchools program in several pilot projects, this this guide was designed so that the district could take responsibility for further implementation efforts. Visit the website about its program and download the implementation guide, written by Kerri Berkowitz.

How can we fix school discipline toolkit (Fix School Discipline)

  • Visit the Fix School Discipline website and download resources for educators and the community, as well as the mini toolkit.
  • The Model School Climate LCAP (Local Control and Accountability Plan) helps California school districts meet requirements to reduce suspensions and improve school climate, and provides guidance on integrating various school climate reform efforts, including restorative practices.

Restorative practice resource project (Restorative Practice Consortium)

  • Download the 255-page guide by a coalition of eductors from school districts across Ontario, Canada, many trained by IIRP Canada. The introduction to the report emphasizes the indigenous roots of restorative practices.

Toolkit for transformation (Transforming School Discipline Collaborative - TSDC)

  • TSDC has created a toolkit with a range of resources, from implementation guides to model discipline codes, to ensure that Illinois schools are safe and supportive for all students.

Implementing restorative justice: A guide for schools (Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority)

  • This guide introduces school personnel to the concepts of restorative justice and restorative discipline, offers new tools that can reduce the need for school exclusion and juvenile justice system involvement in school misconduct and offers ways to enhance the school environment to prevent conflict and restore relationships after conflict arises.

New York State’s Dignity for All Students Act (The Dignity Act)

  • The Dignity Act, which seeks to provide New York public elementary and secondary school students with a safe and supportive environment free from discrimination, intimidation, taunting, harassment and bullying, includes a section on restorative approaches in its associated Promising Practices Guide.

Model Code of Student Conduct

  • Download Michigan State Board of Education’s Model student conduct code, which emphasize the use of restorative practices.
  • Download the Dignity in School Campaign’s Model code on education and dignity. These recommended student-conduct policies feature restorative practices as a core component to help end school pushout and protect the human rights to education and freedom from discrimination.

A Generation Later: What We’ve Learned about Zero Tolerance in Schools (The Vera Institute of Justice)

  • Download the report, which concludes that neither schools nor young people have benefited from zero tolerance policies. It suggests instead promising alternatives, including restorative practices.

Authority, Discipline, and the Marginalization of Youth in Schools (Stanford University)

This annotated reading list, produced in the aftermath of the incident of violence against a young female student at Spring Valley High School in Columbia, South Carolina, on October  26, 2015, includes works in the public sphere that may not be visible to the general public.


Read more in the IIRP News.


Schools resolve conflict by getting kids to talk things out - opens in new window (PBS News Hour)

In this 9-minute video, students, teachers and administrators from West Philadelphia High School explain the impact of restorative practices implementation.

Teachers and administrators at Pinellas County Public Schools in Florida share what they appreciate about restorative practices talking circles.

SaferSanerSchools™ Instructor Lee Rush talks about how restorative practices and bullying prevention may work together.

A Milwaukee school shares how they are working with students and staff to take responsibility for implementing talking circles.

Beyond Zero Tolerance documents the implementation of restorative practices in several schools in the U.S.A., the Netherlands, and Hull, England.

Voice of America looks at the impact of the SaferSanerSchools™ program at a school in Baltimore, Maryland.

SaferSanerSchools™ was launched in San Francisco Unified in a number of pilot schools after which the IIRP trained trainers who have continued to roll out restorative practices across the district. (Video by Mark Wieser of Treehouse Digital Video for SFUSD.)

Peel School District in Ontario, Canada, demonstrates how restorative practices can be used as an integral part of teaching and learning.